When testing their AI on songs where the authorship was known, it was able to correctly identify the writer, either Lennon or McCartney, with 76 per cent accuracy. Experts developed and trained the AI over the course of three years on musical flourishes from each writer, using 70 songs written by either Lennon or McCartney exclusively.
When testing their AI on songs where the authorship was known, it was able to correctly identify the writer with 76 per cent accuracy. The software was then set loose on eight songs and song fragments written by the pair between and whose authorship is in dispute. Scientists from Harvard and Dalhousie University in Canada trained their software using the Beatles back catalogue to recognise unique musical patterns and match them to either Lennon or McCartney.
The period studied by the team charts the Beatles relatively simplistic Merseybeat pop foundations to the band's early explorations with a new and unique sonic style. The band's later period from to was demarcated by the release of the seminal album Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, a record characterised by the kind of experimentation that would become the signature of the second half of the band's career together. Speculation over who wrote what during their writing partnership has been fuelled by conflicting accounts given by the band's members over the years.
One such example is 'In My Life', a track given an 81 per cent certainty match with Lennon's other works by the AI software. The bridge itself, however, was matched to McCartney with 57 per cent accuracy, suggesting Sir Paul had a bigger influence on this section at least. This is not the first time that Harvard has used this type of analysis to try and identify who write Beatles tracks.
Debate around the track, which was included on the album Rubber Soul, has gone resolved since Lennon's murder in Harvard experts who used statistical analysis to single-out the musical signatures of each of the songwriters claimed to have a definitive answer in July, Sir Paul McCartney has always maintained that he put John Lennon's lyrics to music, while Lennon insisted his fellow band member had minimal input in the creation.
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Paul said there were only two dirty references in their songs Mystery is over. Goodness no! Oh let me tell you honey" is a thinly veiled and deliciously punned description of vigorous sexual intercourse. If it were John would have used 'brain' or 'head' instead. A mind describes a person's intellect or consciousness, and not the corporeal. Ergo, the line in the song refers to something more akin to, "whoa, that just blew my mind That just adds a layer of humour, does anybody see the visual shock effect here? What's so funny about a dead guy with face splattered around his car..
The fact that he can't see the lights? His eyes are on the roof.. Now, attacking his wife and children is redundant, pointless, a sacrifice of high class and honor. John wanted to highlight the last laugh. One, big, F you..
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- The Beatles - Paperback Writer Lyrics | MetroLyrics.
- Submit Your Interpretation.
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He probly smiled as he pulled the trigger. Supposedly, john knew this man so now, think about this!! If my inkling is even close to true, that is so damn funny, but sad, and furthermore illustrates the depth of thought he was capable of without effort. A I was reading the news today and thought, Oh boy!! People are crazy!! All the wars, killing, hate.. It reminded me of the song. I thought that the holes in Albert Hall were probably ass I made a blog page this morning, first one being, "John Was Right" of his song "Imagine.
So that easy answer just can't happen. Maybe it was a double meaning. Having spent many hours in practice studios I too have counted holes, so the story sounded true when I saw the show. Songwriters have the same constraint as poets to use very few words. Poets already find it difficult to make much sense; at best they guide the sentiment along.
But songwriters also need to wrap the cadence of the lyric around the structure of the music, constraining it even further. As a result it's almost impossible to really write lyrics that make sense, unless you have terribly blunt, awkward lyrics, which the Beatles didn't.
How the Beatles’ ‘Paperback Writer’ Paved Way for ‘Revolver’ – Rolling Stone
So songwriters very often drop in phrases that really don't mean anything at all, knowing people will assume it does mean something. It's best not to figure it out, because if the meaning isn't obvious, it usually didn't mean anything in the first place, at least nothing beyond some vague notion the author figured would suffice to complete the phrase. If you want poetic lyrics that actually carry meaning, even tell a story, there's Dylan; otherwise go with the feeling and don't analyse too much.
David Bradley, Chicago USA The pothole answer is right and sometimes you just got to scribble down some lyrics to make the song right even if it makes no sense lterally. There aint no one there for to give you no pain. The song "a day in the life" refers to a car crash - that Paul was in? The driver was decapitated. There are lots of videos on YouTube about this. How many holes does it take to fill anything? You can't fill anything with a hole! Much like the riddle "how much dirt is in a hole that is 1' x 1' x 1'?
There's no dirt in a hole!
Just saying. Bretticus Max, Fredericton Canada The "holes in Albert Hall" refers to the assholes of upper British Society who would attend stuffy concerts, long before Albert Hall permitted rock and pop events to be held there. Like many large towns in the 60s, Blackburn underwent a massive redevelopment program. Swathes of old property around the town, relics of Blackburn's industrial past, were demolished to make way for the new.
Part of this was the creation of a large central market and shopping precinct in the town centre. This involved the creation of pedestrian subways under the busy Salford road intersection where the River Blakewater where the town takes its name from happened to flow. The river had to be diverted to enable this work on the subways, and as a result a very large access hole about 50 metres in diameter was made whilst all this work was going on. At first the townspeople were excited at the prospect of a brand new town centre but after a while, possibly a year or two, this hole which was literally in the exact centre of town became an eyesore, not to mention an obstruction, and people started to ask questions as to how much longer it would be there.
The local newspaper The Lancashire Evening Telegraph whose offices were facing the hole!
Part of this involved The Telegraph speaking to the Local Authority, one of whose employees, possibly as an excuse, uttered the immortal words "there are holes in Blackburn", probably referring to all the routine potholes and excavations that were awaiting attention.